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Environmental Science: Groundwater, Aquifers, and Irrigation

Grade Levels
9th - 11th, Homeschool
Standards
Formats Included
  • Zip
Pages
20 pages
$10.00
$10.00
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Description

This bundle of worksheets and activities is perfect for a high school environmental science or agriculture course and will introduce your high school students to groundwater management and aquifers. Experiments, bell-ringers, homework and more are all included- they even get to build an aquifer model! Students will also understand the need for groundwater sustainability while learning about the Ogallala aquifer and the Dust Bowl.

Topics include: groundwater v. surface water, uses of groundwater, aquifers, the Ogallala aquifer, tragedy of the commons, Dust Bowl, types of irrigation, cost and benefit of different irrigation methods, crop needs, impacts of irrigation

▶️Want to use this lesson in Google Classroom(TM) or Microsoft OneDrive(TM)?

Find a Google Drive version of this file here for assigning materials in a SNAP!

What's included?

  • Detailed teacher lesson plan- essential questions, standards, included resources, necessary materials and possible extension activities
  • Web-quest for content delivery with guided student notes
  • Build an Aquifer Activity- students make a model of an aquifer and illustrate effects of pollution on groundwater
  • Irrigation Group Research Activity- costs and benefits of different types of irrigation
  • Inquiry Experiment- design an experiment to determine the effects of salinity on plant growth
  • Homework or Class-work pages:

-3 Data Analysis Pages- practice reading and interpreting graphs and charts

-Ogallala Aquifer map reading assignment- how this aquifer illustrates the tragedy of the commons

-Case Study- how does groundwater usage encourage invasive species

  • Online Google Forms Quiz to assess learning

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*Note: To see everything included in the lesson, please use the PREVIEW button above.

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➤My Environmental Science Series includes lessons for each sphere of the earth:

1. Hydrosphere Bundle (in digital/paperless or print versions)

2. Biosphere Bundle (in digital/paperless or print versions)

3. Atmosphere Bundle (in digital/paperless or print versions)

4. Geosphere/Lithosphere (in digital/paperless or print versions)

How do I use this lesson?

Students independently gain vocabulary and basic concepts through internet web-quests and videos. Students are then able to practice concepts in the classroom with group activities and experiments. This lesson bundle is perfect for substitutes or distance learning because students can work independently on many of the assignments.

What curriculum could I use with this lesson?

This lesson is ideally geared towards high school students and would work well with a general level Environmental Science or Biology textbook. It addresses the following topics in AP Environmental Science:

  • 5.1- The Tragedy of the Commons
  • 5.4- Impacts of Agricultural Practices
  • 5.5- Irrigation Methods
  • 5.12- Introduction to Sustainability
Total Pages
20 pages
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
1 Week
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Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
NGSSHS-ESS2-2
Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. Examples should include climate feedbacks, such as how an increase in greenhouse gases causes a rise in global temperatures that melts glacial ice, which reduces the amount of sunlight reflected from Earth’s surface, increasing surface temperatures and further reducing the amount of ice. Examples could also be taken from other system interactions, such as how the loss of ground vegetation causes an increase in water runoff and soil erosion; how dammed rivers increase groundwater recharge, decrease sediment transport, and increase coastal erosion; or how the loss of wetlands causes a decrease in local humidity that further reduces the wetland extent.
NGSSHS-ESS3-4
Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems. Examples of data on the impacts of human activities could include the quantities and types of pollutants released, changes to biomass and species diversity, or areal changes in land surface use (such as for urban development, agriculture and livestock, or surface mining). Examples for limiting future impacts could range from local efforts (such as reducing, reusing, and recycling resources) to large-scale geoengineering design solutions (such as altering global temperatures by making large changes to the atmosphere or ocean).
NGSSHS-ESS3-6
Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. Examples of Earth systems to be considered are the hydrosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and/or biosphere. An example of the far-reaching impacts from a human activity is how an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide results in an increase in photosynthetic biomass on land and an increase in ocean acidification, with resulting impacts on sea organism health and marine populations. Assessment does not include running computational representations but is limited to using the published results of scientific computational models.
NGSSHS-ESS3-1
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. Examples of key natural resources include access to fresh water (such as rivers, lakes, and groundwater), regions of fertile soils such as river deltas, and high concentrations of minerals and fossil fuels. Examples of natural hazards can be from interior processes (such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes), surface processes (such as tsunamis, mass wasting and soil erosion), and severe weather (such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts). Examples of the results of changes in climate that can affect populations or drive mass migrations include changes to sea level, regional patterns of temperature and precipitation, and the types of crops and livestock that can be raised.
NGSSHS-ESS3-2
Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios. Emphasis is on the conservation, recycling, and reuse of resources (such as minerals and metals) where possible, and on minimizing impacts where it is not. Examples include developing best practices for agricultural soil use, mining (for coal, tar sands, and oil shales), and pumping (for petroleum and natural gas). Science knowledge indicates what can happen in natural systems—not what should happen.

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